Do you know what is meant by the ECR and Non-ECR category in a passport? How are they important for a passport and what is the difference between them? If you are thinking of making a passport or want to make it, then you should understand all the things related to a passport. So that you don’t have any problems later. In this post, you read all the information related to passport carefully.
What is a passport?
As per Passport Act, 1967 Passport is a legal document issued by the Government of India and certifies that the holder is a citizen of the Republic of India. It is very important to have a passport to roam in other countries besides your country. Passport acts like identity proof for any person, when a citizen of a country applies for a passport, then the government of that country investigates the application. In the investigation, if it is found that this person is legally qualified to take a passport, then the passport is made available to him.
How many types of passports are there in India?
As per Passport Act 1967, the Government of India issues 3 types of passports.
1. Ordinary Passport – This passport is issued to common citizens of the country, the color of the cover of this passport is dark blue. It contains 36 or 60 pages. This passport is also called a P-type passport, in which P Means personal.
2. Official Passport – This passport is issued to those government officials of our country who commercially represent our country in other countries. The color of the cover of this passport is white. It is also called S type passport in which S Means service.
3. Diplomatic Passport – This type of passport has been issued for Indian diplomates and high authority government officers. The cover color of this passport is brown. It is also called the type passport, in which D means Diplomatic.
Documents Required for Passport
- Application Form Copy
- Proof of Date of Birth
- 10th Or 12th Pass Certificate for NON-ECNR Category
- Address proof Documents
- Passbook of Bank Account Having the Photo of the Applicant
- Landline or Postpaid Mobile Bill
- Rental Agreement
- Income Tax Assessment
- Aadhaar Card
- Voter Card ID
- Minor (Copy of First and Last Page of Parent’s Passport)
- Electricity Bill
- Certificate from Employer of Reputed Companies on Their Letterhead
DOB Proof (Date of Birth) (Required any One document Original and Copy)
- Birth Certificate
- Pan Card
- Aadhaar Card/E – Aadhaar
- Transfer Certificate/School
- Driving License
- Voter Card Issued by Election commission of India
- A Declaration Given by the Head of the Orphanage or Child Care Home Confirming the DOB of the applicant in its Official Letterhead.
- The Copy of the Policy Bond that is issued by the Public Life Insurance Corporation/Companies Having the DOB of the holder of the Insurance policy.
- The Copy of an extract of the service record of the applicant (only for government employees) or pension order (retired government employees) which is duly attested or certified by the officer of the Concerned Department of the Applicant.
What is a visa?
Full Form of VISA – Visitors International Stay Admission
A visa is a kind of Permission letter that permits you to go to another country. It depends on your visa how many days and for which work you can stay in another country.
There are many types of visas that indicate which visa you will have to take.
1. Transit Visa – These visas are considered valid for 72 hours, it is taken when you are going to a country and before that, you have to go to another country, for that you have to take a transit visa.
2. Tourist Visa – If you want to go on a trip to another country then you have to take a tourist visa.
3. Business Visa – If you want to do business in another country, then you have to take a business visa.
4. Student Visa – If you want to go to another country to study, then a student visa has to be taken for it. The only students can apply for this visa.
5. Working Visa – If you want to go to work in another country whether you want to go for a government job or for a private job, then you have to get a working visa.
6. Marriage Visa – If you want to marry a girl or boy from another country and you want to call that girl or boy in your country or want to go to that country then you have to get a marriage visa.
7. Immigrant Visa – If you want to settle in another country then you have to take an immigrant visa in that country. An immigrant visa is only for going and not for coming. Because after taking this visa, you settle in another country.
8. Medical Visa – If you want to go to the other country for treatment, then you have to take a medical visa.
What is the difference between a passport and a visa?
There are 5 differences between Visa and Passport.
1. A passport is a legal document that is given by any country to its citizen to travel abroad and as the identity of the person, while a visa is Temporary official permission which allows a person to go to another country other than their country. I have to travel, live, or work.
2. A passport is like a small diary while a visa is an official stamp.
3. A person who has citizenship of the country, the government of the same country issues passports as if you are from India, then the Indian government issues passports for you. Whereas in the country you want to go to, the government of that country issues visas it means if you want to go to Australia then the Australian government issues a visa for you.
4. The main purpose of a passport is to identify when traveling abroad and while returning to your country. Whereas the purpose of issuing visas is to remain officially at the time of entry abroad and staying there.
5. Visa is issued by the Embassy while the passport is issued by the department in the special round.
Passports are divided into two categories ECR and NON-ECR (NECR)
What is ECR Category?
Full Form of ECR – Emigration Check Required (उत्प्रवासन जांच आवश्यक)
This category is made for those who are not eligible while making passports. In which those people who are under 18 years old or who have not passed 10th class.
This process has been made for the protection of the countrymen So that they could not be cheated abroad and less educated and younger people could not be persecuted, as well as they could not be forced to work for wages and small work.
When the ECR stamp is stamped on your passport, then you have to prove yourself eligible after completing certain processes, and only then you can stay abroad.
What is NON-ECR in Passport means?
Full form of NON-ECR (NECR) – Emigration Check Not Required
This is also a category when making passports, in which you do not need any kind of investigation.
If you are placed in the non-ECR category then it means that you are able to live abroad. When you making a passport then you have to submit some documents. In which you can put your 10th or above mark sheet or you can also show your income tax slip but in this case, you have been given income tax or you should be more than 50 years of age or you have a diploma of 3 years of any kind and if a child is less than 18 years of age, and his parents are living with him or going to stay with him that too through NON-ECR passport.
What is the difference between ECR and NON-ECR passports?
- People coming in the ECR category can go abroad, but they need to come in the NON-ECR category to live.
- If you are going to travel abroad, then ECR or NON-ECR is stamped on your passport, it does not make any difference. If you want to live or earn abroad, then your passport must be in the NON-ECR category. ECR category passport means that you will have to do some verification by the government and in this, you will have to prove yourself livable abroad by fulfilling all the rules.
- But in the NON-ECR category passport, you do not need any type of verification.
- When the stamp of the ECR category starts, foreign companies hesitant to give the job but NON-ECR In the category, foreign companies give you jobs easily.
- NON-ECR passport is more beneficial for the person living abroad, while the person with ECR passport is not able to live abroad and they get a chance to stay abroad only when their passport becomes NON-ECR.
Online Passport Apply Portal – Passport Seva India