Dams in India is an important chapter of static gk which is very helpful for one day exams like SSC, Railway, UPSC, MPSC, Delhi Police, Bihar Police, PCS, Lekhpal and many more. Which dam is built on which river, We collect the water of river in it and then when that water falls from the top, it generates energy from it and we convert it in electricity
India is a country which has great rivers like Ganga, kaveri, Brahmaputra and Narmada. These rivers have some big dams and largest reservoirs in India. Dams play a very important role in the irrigation and agricultural development of fields in India. Here we share some famous Dams in India with rivers and states.
|List of Dams In India||State||River|
|Amravati Dam||Tamil Nadu||Amravati River|
|Almaty Dam||Karnataka||Krishna River|
|Mettur Dam||Tamil Nadu||Kaveri River|
|Maithon Dam||Jharkhand||Badakar River|
|Ranjit Sagar Dam (Thein Dam)||Punjab||Ravi River|
|Rihand Dam||Uttar Pradesh||Rihand River|
|Krishnarajasagar Dam||Karnataka||Kaveri River|
|Cheruthoni Dam||Karala||Cheruthoni River|
|Bisalpur Dam||Rajasthan||Banas River|
|Sriram Sagar Dam||Andhra Pradesh||Godavari River|
Major Dams in India with rivers
Idukki Dam (Kerala)
Idukki Dam is the tallest dam in Asia and the third highest dam in India. It is situated between the two mountains Kuravan and Kurathi. The dam is 169 meters high and 366 meters wide. The Idukki dam can produce 780 MW (Mega Watt) of power.
Koyna Dam (Maharashtra)
This project built in the surroundings of Sahadri Mountain is one of the most complex project. It consists of 4 dams. This project is the largest Hydro-electric plant project in India. This dam is built on the Koyna River hence its name is Koyna dam. This dam is 103 meters high and 807 meters wide Koyna dam can produce 1950 mega watts of electricity.
BhavaniSagar Dam Tamil Nadu
This dam situated on the Bhavani river of Erode district in Tamil Nadu is also known by the name of Lower Bhavani. The largest earthen dam in the country and it is used to divert the water of the Lower Bhavani Project Canal. It is the longest masonry dam in the world, it is a very beautiful and important tourist destination. This dam is 32 meters high and 1700 meters wide, Bhawani dam can produce maximum 1920 mega watts of power.
Tungabhadra Dam (Karnataka)
Tungabhadra Dam is the largest dam in a royal vision on the Tungabhadra River in Karnataka. It has a Japanese garden beautiful nature and a musical garden. Multipurpose Dam that performs irrigation, flood control and power generation. The dam is 50 meters high and 2441 meters wide. The Tungabhadra dam can produce 72 mega watts of power.
Indira Sagar Dam (Madhya Pradesh)
Built in 1992 on the Narmada River of Madhya Pradesh, this dam is the largest reservoir in India with 12.22 cubic meters. About 1223 sq m of land gets irrigation from this dam. This dam is 92 meters high and 653 meters wide, this dam can produce 1000 mega watts of electricity.
Sardar Sarovar Dam (Gujarat)
This is a gravity dam in India built in 1989 on the Narmada River in Gujarat. It is also the largest dam and part of the Narmada Valley Project which is a large hydraulic engineering project which involves the construction of a large irrigation sequence and the Hydro Electric Multi Purpose Dam on the Narmada River. This dam is 163 meters high and 1210 meters wide. 1450 mega watts of power can be produced from Sardar Sarovar Dam.
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam (Andhra Pradesh)
The largest Masori Dam in the world, built on the Krishna River in Nagarjuna Sagar, Andhra Pradesh. The dam has Nagarjuna reservoir with a capacity of 11472 million cubic meters. This dam is 124 meters high and 1450 meters wide, Nagarjuna Sagar dam can produce 816 mega watts of power.
Hirakud Dam (Odisha)
This is the world’s longest earthen dam built in 1957 on the Mahanadi in the state of Odisha. It is about 26 kilometers in length. The dam is 61 meters high and 4.8 kilometers wide. The Hirakud Dam can produce 308 mega watts of power which is the maximum power. This project started after India’s independence and India’s Multipurpose River project took place. Is
Bhakra Nangal Dam (Punjab and Himachal Pradesh)
Bhakra Nangal Dam is on the Sutlej River which is very close to the border of Punjab and Himachal in the northern part of India. It is the second highest dam in India. This dam is 225 meters high and 520 meters wide. It can produce 2400 mega watts of power from Bhakra Nangal dam, which is the maximum strength. Its reservoir, also known as Govind Sagar, can hold up to 9.34 billion cubic meters of water.
Tehri Dam (Uttarakhand)
This dam is the highest dam in India and the second largest in Asia and the eighth largest in the world. The Tehri Dam is a Multipurpose Rock and Earth Fill Coast Bandh dam built on the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand. The dam is 261 high and 575 meters wide. The Tehri dam can produce 1325 mega watts of electricity.
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